Gum disease or the advanced condition called Periodontal disease is an infection of the tissues that support your teeth.
Treatment may be a simple as regular visits with our Oral Hygiene team to clean your teeth and gums – more important though, to teach you how to maintain good home oral hygiene. More complex problems may be treated by the Dentist or a referral to a Periodontist (gum specialist) may be advised.
Periodontal diseases are classified according to the severity of the disease. The two major stages are gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is a milder and reversible form of periodontal disease that only affects the gums. Gingivitis may lead to more serious, destructive forms of periodontal disease called periodontitis.
Some factors increase the risk of developing periodontal disease:
- Tobacco smoking or chewing
- Systemic diseases such as diabetes
- Some types of medication such as steroids, some types of anti-epilepsy drugs, cancer therapy drugs, some calcium channel blockers and oral contraceptives
- Bridges and crowns and dentures that no longer fit properly
- Crooked teeth
- Fillings that have become defective
- Pregnancy or use of oral contraceptives
Signs of Gum Disease
- Gums that bleed easily
- Red, swollen, tender gums
- Gums that have pulled away from the teeth
- Persistent bad breath or bad taste
- Permanent teeth that are loose
Please feel free to contact us about any aspect of dental care